Farmers and growers of alternative livestock/crops must comply with the following legislation. This is not an exhaustive list, and legal advice should always be taken before making any business decisions.

  • The Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board Order 2008 requires farmers and growers to pay an annual levy collected by ADHB Horticulture. The amount payable depends on the extent of their business activities.
  • The Animal By-Products (ABP) (Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2011 and equivalent legislation in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland require livestock farmers to ensure that animal carcasses, body parts and other by-products in need of disposal are collected by a licensed waste carrier and disposed of by an approved method.

See also: Legislation checklist: Specialist farming enterprises


  • The Aquatic Animal Health (England and Wales) Regulations 2009 and equivalent legislation in Scotland and Northern Ireland require ‘aquaculture production businesses’ (fish, shellfish or crustacean farms) to be authorised by the CEFAS Fish Health Inspectorate (England and Wales), the Marine Scotland Fish Health Inspectorate (Scotland) or the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (Northern Ireland).
  • The Avian Influenza (Preventative Measures) (England) Regulations 2006 and equivalent legislation in Wales and Scotland require anyone who keeps 50 or more poultry to register their premises with the Great Britain Poultry Register. Legislation in Northern Ireland requires poultry flocks of any size to be registered with the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs in Northern Ireland.
  • The Biocidal Products and Chemicals (Appointment of Authorities and Enforcement) Regulations 2013 and equivalent legislation in Northern Ireland require biocidal products to be approved by the Health and Safety Executive.

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